Understanding the Progression of Periodontal Disease
Gum disease is triggered by bacteria and tarter under the gum line. When it becomes infected, your gum health suffers and tissue inflammation occurs. Over time, plaque becomes progressively more challenging to remove as pockets grow between the tooth and the gum. There are three general stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
- Gingivitis is the first stage and can usually be reversed with good oral hygiene regimen. However, if you fail to treat gingivitis in the early stage, it can quickly develop into periodontitis and begin to wreak havoc on your gum health.
- Periodontitis and advanced periodontitis are much more severe. In these phases, the contamination and inflammation spread to the bone around the teeth and prompt ligament deterioration and gum recession.
- As it progresses to advanced periodontitis, gum disease continues to extend the periodontal pockets, sometimes even filling them with pus. Bone volume declines steadily, loosening teeth and sometimes prompting tooth loss. A person with advanced periodontitis may experience pain as well as increased sensitivity to cold and heat.
When the infection reaches the advanced stages, it is no longer possible to reverse the damage without medical intervention. If you have moderate to advanced periodontal disease, you need to learn more about your treatment options, including laser gum surgery.